Claire Cain Miller of The New York Times writes:
It has long been true that women are paid less than men at work and do more of the labor at home. It turns out those patterns start as early as childhood.
Although there are a few signs that the gap is shrinking, a variety of data shows that girls still spend more time on household chores than boys do. They are also paid less than boys for doing chores and have smaller allowances.
Boys are also more likely to be paid for personal hygiene, like brushing teeth or taking a shower, according to BusyKid. Girls are more likely to be paid for cleaning.
The gender gap in chores for children is worldwide. A recent study of 12-year-olds in 16 countries across the economic spectrum, not including the United States, found that in each of them, girls spent more time on household chores than boys did. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/08/upshot/chores-girls-research-social-science.html
Australian women could save between $10 and $40 a year now that the federal government has bowed to pressure to remove the country’s “tampon tax” from female sanitary products.
But this really isn’t about economics, it’s a matter of principle and it just so happens that a federal election is looming.
After 17 years of public campaigning since the GST was introduced, Treasurer Scott Morrison announced over the weekend that the federal government would remove the tax on tampons if it gets the unanimous support of state and territory governments.
The GST is currently applied to tampons and sanitary products on the basis that these items are a luxury-spend, while GST is not applied to condoms or Viagra as these are deemed essential health items.
Just last month, India announced it would scrap a 12 per cent tax on women’s tampons and sanitary products, as part of significant reforms to bring the fast-growing nation under the umbrella of a single tax system.
Since the GST was introduced in 2001, the federal government has collected just over half a billion dollars in total revenue over 17 years, thanks to the sale of tampons.
If you consider that some women have been paying for sanitary items for the past 17 years, that equates to between $170 and $680 per woman. https://womensagenda.com.au/latest/tampon-tax-put-an-end-to-it/
Female heart attack patients treated by male doctors have a worse chance of survival than those treated by female doctors, a study suggests.
Previous studies based on data from Australia and Sweden have revealed that men and women experience different care if they have a heart attack, while UK research has shown women are more likely to be misdiagnosed.
Now researchers say the gender of the doctor might affect female patients’ chances of survival.
[A]nalysis showed that men and women had similar chances of survival when they saw female doctors. But male doctors were linked to worse outcomes, particularly for women.
Female patients treated by male doctors were about 1.5 percentage points less likely to survive a heart attack than male patients in the care of female doctors.
[T]he longstanding idea that a heart attack patient is generally a middle-aged man with risk factors such as smoking, being overweight and having diabetes, high blood pressure or high cholesterol could be putting women at a disadvantage. https://www.theguardian.com/society/2018/aug/06/women-more-likely-to-survive-heart-attack-if-treated-by-female-doctor-study?
Twelve girls’ schools have been burnt down by unidentified persons in coordinated attacks in Pakistan’s restive Gilgit-Baltistan, triggering protest by local residents who sought safety for educational institutions which are often attacked by the militants, a media report said on Friday.
Girls’ schools are often attacked in the northern areas of Pakistan.
In December 2011, at least two girls’ schools were partially damaged in low-intensity explosions in Chilas.
Earlier that year, unidentified men had also blown up two girls’ schools.
In 2004, girls’ schools in Chilas came under a string of attacks. Nine schools of which eight were girls’ schools were attacked and destroyed in five days in the area in February.
According to a report, about 1,500 schools have been destroyed in the tribal belt during the last 10 years.
Nobel Prize winner and education activist Malala Yousafzai was also shot by the Taliban in 2012 for advocating girls’ education in Swat.
In 2017, the Human Rights Watch (HRW) in its report stated that attacks by the Taliban and other militant groups disrupted the education of hundreds of thousands of children, particularly girls, in Pakistan. https://www.ndtv.com/world-news/pakistan-12-girls-schools-burnt-down-overnight-in-gilgit-baltistan-1894700
The Danish use the word hygge to describe the feeling of cosiness, warmth, and comfort that a well-kept house is supposed to provide. Yet creating this pleasant environment requires work and, unfortunately, the bulk of that work is done by women.
While attitudes towards gender roles have become less traditional, there are still gendered expectations about cleanliness of the home and children.
Any dirt, mess or failure to provide clean, immaculately dressed and polite children to the world is most often a judgement against women – a sure sign of bad mothering. Inherent in this assumption is the idea that men don’t see mess, or are oblivious to the cleaning and mental work associated with ensuring that the household runs properly.
What’s more, the types of domestic work that are outsourced is usually the work often done by men, such as gardening or household maintenance. So the benefit of domestic outsourcing is usually marginal for women.
Because of men’s lack of desire to twirl a brush around the toilet bowl, or their general lack of concern about having a clean house, we tend to think of them as being “dirt-blind”. But really it’s because men aren’t penalised for messiness in the same way that women are.
For women, cleanliness in the family home is a further extension of prevailing social norms dictating that women must be clean, hairless, perfumed and pretty. In this regard, doing housework is a way for women to “perform” their gender.
Men not doing housework also fits with long-held ideas about men and dirt that begin with boys and the outdoors. Thus, keeping house is as much about gendered expectations as it is about actual dirt. Men do see dirt, but they aren’t told from a young age that leaving a mess makes them bad men. https://womensagenda.com.au/latest/theres-no-such-thing-as-dirt-blindness-men-just-need-to-do-more-housework/
The suggestion that the AFLW be restricted to a competition of six home-and-away games and two weeks of finals in 2019 (from seven and a Grand Final), despite the addition of two new teams, has, unsurprisingly, provoked a storm of protest.
The new dawn of that magic occasion last year, when they had to turn thousands away from the first AFLW match at Princes Park, suddenly seems very distant.
The AFL misjudged it then, originally scheduling the opener for a training ground, before shifting it to a larger venue. Even then too many came, AFL chief Gillon McLachlan personally apologising to disgruntled fans outside the stadium.
McLachlan was a champion of the women’s game. He was, rightfully, praised for his leadership in getting the competition up and running.
Now he has cast himself as a latter day Petruchio, making the women beg for morsels at his table.
As the players have said, they simply want a fair dinkum competition. This is not difficult. The AFL needs only increase the number of games to nine – allowing every team to play each other once – and two weeks of finals.
Anything less, and the AFL stands accused of the worst tokenism, cynical virtue signalling without substance.
Girls are flocking to the game across Melbourne.
Now the AFL is in danger of telling them that they belong in the corner. https://thenewdaily.com.au/sport/afl/2018/08/04/aflw-new-season-format-bad-decision/?utm_source=Adestra&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Sunday%20Best%2020180805
More Australian women hold a university degree than men, but on the whole earn less than their male counterparts and carry the lion’s share of housework and childcare, new figures reveal.
The latest installment of the Melbourne Institute’s study of Household Income and Labour Dynamics (HILDA) shows women dominate the massive increase in university attendance over the 15 years from 2001 and 2016.
However, the jump in tertiary educated women has done little to close the gender pay gap.
Between 2001 and 2016 the average weekly earnings of full-time employees increased 23 per cent for males and 22 per cent for females, leaving the pay gap virtually unchanged.
And while Australians believe they are more progressive in their views about traditional gender roles at home and work, the reality is very different.
Dr Lass said there was a significant discrepancy between men and women’s perceptions of a fair share of work.
“HILDA shows most women feel overburdened by household chores, while most men think they do their fair share.”
Men spend an extra hour a week on housework compared to 2002, but their 13.3 hours is short of women’s 20.4 hours.
Both sexes increased their time devoted to caring for children and disabled or elderly relatives, but there was again a gap between men (5.4 hours) and women (11.3 hours).
The HILDA study also showed men spent more time on employment (on average 35.9 hours a week in 2016) than women (24.9 hours).
Among married couples with children, women did 29 per cent of the paid work but about 65 per cent of both housework and care. https://thenewdaily.com.au/money/welfare/2018/07/31/hilda-report-gender-incomes/